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FAQ on U.S. Forces Presence in Romania

U.S. Military Engagements to Romania

Last updated: May 27, 2008

What will the presence of U.S military forces bring to Romania?

  • The presence of US Army and Air Force personnel in Romania will enable American and Romanian armed forces to routinely train together and increase the interoperability of our forces. It is our expectation and hope that the Romanian armed forces, as well as the local community, will benefit from the extensive infrastructure projects that the United States and Romania are planning at the training facilities.
  • Last year, U.S. Army – Europe (USAREUR) conducted a JTF-E “Proof-of-Principle” (PoP) demonstration from August 22nd through October 22nd, 2007. The primary goal of this training was to test the facilities and systems at Mihail Kogalniceanu Air Base (MKAB). A force of approximately 600 soldiers, airmen, sailors and civilians from USAREUR, Southern European Task Force (SETAF), Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 40 (NMCB – 40 or SEABEES) and Task Force 1-94 participated in the PoP. In addition, approximately 200 Romanian soldiers participated in the PoP last year, training alongside their U.S. counterparts.
  • In 2008, USAREUR and U.S. Air Forces Europe (USAFE) will conduct an exercise similar in scope to last year’s event, with a focus on combined training integrated with Romanian military units.

How will Romanian military facilities be used by U.S. forces in Romania?

  • Romanian military facilities will be used as temporary duty forward operating sites for training by U.S. military forces, primarily U.S. Army and the U.S. Air Force, in close cooperation and with the permission of the Romanian government. The facilities will also support a small contingent of U.S. soldiers and airmen, approximately 100 headquarters and support personnel, who will be assigned for one- to two-year tour of duties at MKAB.

What is Joint Task Force - East?

  • Joint Task Force – East (JTF-East) is a United States European Command (USEUCOM) initiative to strengthen relationships between the United States and our Eastern European allies. All U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force training operations in Romania will fall under the command of JTF-East, which in turn is under the command of USEUCOM. Physically located in Romania and Bulgaria, JTF-East includes a small permanent headquarters consisting of approximately 100 personnel who will oversee the rotation of a U.S. Army Battalion in both Romania and Bulgaria, as well as U.S. Air Force Weapons Training Deployments (WTD). Access to Romanian and Bulgarian air and ground training facilities will provide JTF-East forces the opportunity to train and interact with military forces throughout the entire USEUCOM area of responsibility. USAREUR and USAFE are actively involved in establishing JTF-East.

How will JTF-East be utilized by the U.S. Army in Romania?

  • The U.S. Army will periodically rotate units into Romania for training.
  • U.S. Army rotational units to Romania will consist of approximately 600-1200 soldiers and deploy for approximately four to six months.
  • Unit deployments may immediately follow one another or may be separated in time.

How will JTF-East be utilized by the U.S. Air Force in Romania?

  • USAFE is planning to send at least two Weapons Training Deployments (WTD) each year to train in Romanian airspace. USAFE has asked the Romanian Ministry of Defense for permission to conduct Fighter Training Deployments (FTD) at Fetesti Air Base and Campia Turzii Air Base in addition to Airlift Training Deployments at MKAB.
  • Size of WTDs generally run from 6-16 aircraft and 100-300 personnel.
  • WTDs are typically 2-3 weeks in duration.
  • USAFE is also looking at non-flying events such as medical or construction-related training deployments.

What is the legal authority for the U.S. military presence in Romania?

  • U.S. force presence in Romania begins in 2007 under the authority of the Presence Agreement signed by Romania and the U.S. in December 2005 and ratified by the Romanian Parliament in June 2006.

Why did the U.S. sign the agreement?

  • The agreement provides JTF-East with access to training facilities that support challenging, expeditionary training experiences with the Romanian armed forces. Other NATO, NATO-aspirant, and regional armed forces may also train at the facilities at the invitation and prior consent of Romania. JTF East provides an excellent opportunity to increase interoperability between U.S. and Romanian forces, build and sustain multinational partnerships, and prepare for future coalition operations.

What facilities will be used in Romania?

  • Facilities in Romania include MKAB and the former 34th Mechanized Brigade Base, Babadag and Cincu training areas, and the firing ranges in Smardan.

What will be the permanent personnel and facilities structure in Romania?

  • Permanent U.S. Army forces in Romania number approximately 100 personnel and will be assigned to MKAB and the former 34th Mechanized Brigade Base.
  • Permanent U.S. Air Force forces in Romania number approximately 5-10 and will be assigned throughout Romania.
  • Permanent forces will include headquarters staff, administrative personnel, installation operations support, and security forces.

What will be the procedures for rotating U.S. Army and Air Force units through Romania?

  • The U.S. Army will use its Global Force Management Process to select units for training deployments to Romania. These units may come from the United States, Europe, or anywhere else in the world.
  • USAFE will select units from throughout Europe for WTDs to Romania. Future deployments may also include forces from U.S. locations and Air National Guard/Reserve forces. USAFE has established a 5-person detachment in Bucharest that is operating from the Romanian Air Force Headquarters. This office consists of a detachment leader and liaisons for contracting, airspace/range/airfield management, civil engineering, and force protection.

What facilities are planned for U.S. Army use?

  • The U.S. Army is currently constructing billeting, unit operations, maintenance support, and recreation facilities on the former 34th Mechanized Brigade Base to support and house approximately 1700 soldiers.
  • At the Babadag Training Area (BTA), the U.S. Army has constructed accommodations to support approximately 150 soldiers; for U.S. and Romanian joint use.

What facilities are planned for U.S. Air Force use?

  • The U.S. Air Force will continue to operate joint airlift exercises from MKAB.
    NATO currently is sponsoring construction at Fetesti Air Base under the NATO Security Investment Program (NSIP). Until this construction is complete, USAFE has requested to use Campia Turzii Air Base beginning in September 2008 to support FTDs.

What business opportunities do the facilities create for Romanians?

  • U.S. forces have entered into support contracts to maintain the facilities and provide services to both the rotational units and permanent party personnel on which local bidders may compete. The U.S. Embassy worked with USEUCOM and its component commands to develop these services and support contracts.
  • U.S. contracting officers use the Federal Acquisition Regulations to determine procedures to be followed in each acquisition.

How will contractors and vendors be notified and selected?

  • Typically, vendors will be able to get notification of a proposed contract through a public posting of the requirement on the web page:
  • Vendors will be selected through a competitive and open process.
  • Construction contractors are selected based on a formal process that evaluates a variety of factors, such as their design proposal, cost experience with large projects, and their experience in Romania.
  • Other contractors, such as those who provide support to the rotational U.S. forces, will undergo a similar process dependent on the type of support they will provide.

Where can interested persons get more information about business opportunities related to the military facilities?

  • Those interested can find more information on the web page of the U.S. Commercial Service in Romania, see:
  • The U.S. government recently completed a training program for potential bidders in Bucharest and a site visit for potential bidders in January 2007.
  • Note that private firms that claim to have “insider information” on the contracting process for a fee are not approved by the U.S. government.

What upcoming activities are planned?

Summer through Fall 2008:

  • Soldiers from USAREUR will begin to arrive at MKAB in mid-May. A force of approximately 600 Soldiers and civilians from USAREUR and National Guard units will conduct individual and small unit training during the month of June. Between June 30th and July 30th, these units will conduct integrated small-unit training alongside a Romanian Land Forces unit. In addition to combined training, U.S. units will continue with Humanitarian Civic Assistance (HCA) projects, in which medical assistance and free clinics will be provided to the local populace of five villages surrounding MKAB.
  • U.S. Navy – Europe (NAVEUR) has maintained at MKAB a permanent presence of SEABEES, a type of naval construction unit. Already during 2008, these sailors have completed a range of humanitarian assistance (HA) projects, focusing their efforts on the renovation of medical clinics, elementary schools and kindergarten buildings in the Constanta and Babadag regions. The SEABEES will remain at MKAB and continue humanitarian projects throughout the JTF-E exercise and beyond.
  • Last updated: May 27, 2008