Information for Visitors/Residents in Romania
Entry/Departure Requirements for U.S. Citizens and Special Provisions for Dual Nationals
Entry Requirements for U.S. citizens
You must have a valid passport to enter Romania. Per Regulation no. 610/2013 of the European Union (EU), the passport of third state nationals who travel to Romania or another EU country must meet the following criteria: It must be valid for at least three months after the estimated day of exit from EU country and must have been issued within the last 10 years (documents issued prior to 2003 are no longer accepted).
For all destinations worldwide, the Department of State recommends that your passport have at least six months of validity beyond your dates of international travel to avoid unintended travel disruptions.
The U.S. citizen visitors are granted 90 days of stay without a visa within a six-month period from their arrival. For stays longer than 90 days, you must obtain a temporary residence permit from the Romanian Immigration Office in the area of your residence (please see our “Residence Permit” section for additional information on extending your stay in Romania beyond 90 days).
We do not recommend “extending” the 90-day period by traveling to another country for a short period and then returning to Romania; people attempting this are often being denied re-entry to Romania as the Romanian Government is enforcing visa regulations more vigorously than in the past.
Check the expiration date on your passport carefully before traveling to Romania on a European airline or in transit through a European country that is part of the Schengen area. Entry into any of the 26 European countries in the Schengen area, in transit to a non-Schengen destination, requires that your passport be valid for at least three months beyond your intended date of departure. If your passport does not meet the Schengen requirements, you may be refused boarding by the airline at your point of origin or while transferring planes in Europe. Some Schengen countries assume all travelers will stay the full three months allowed for visa-free visitors, meaning you may not be admitted unless your passport is valid for at least six months, regardless of the duration of your stay. This requirement may also apply if you are transiting a Schengen airport for several hours en route to a non-Schengen destination. For this reason, we recommend that your passport have at least six months validity remaining whenever you travel to Romania or will be transiting a Schengen airport. To ensure that your travel plans are not disrupted, plan ahead to renew your passport before traveling. Visit the Department of State's passport website for more information on applying for a new or renewal passport.
For additional information, please use the following link to visit the website of the Department of State: Schengen Fact Sheet.
Departure of U.S. citizens
Americans who overstay will be subject to heavy fines and will require an exit permit from the Immigration Department in order to leave the country. You must visit the local office of the Immigration Department to apply for the exit permit 24 to 48 hours in advance of your trip. In exceptional circumstances, the overstay fines may be paid upon departure and the exit permit may be obtained at the airport or border crossing point. However, the decision of issuing the exit permit at the airport is at the discretion of the border police officers and the process may delay your boarding/departure.
In addition to the fines, which could amount to U.S. $600 per person, you might also be banned from returning to Romania for a period of time that depends on the length of the overstay, usually from six months to one year. If you wish to request a waiver of the ban, you must do so before departure by making an appointment with a senior official of the Immigration Department to provide evidence of an acceptable reason why you could not file for an extension of stay (medical emergency or hospitalization; the school or employer were unable to provide you with the necessary documents). Not having informed yourself about the stay permit requirements is not grounds for a waiver. If you do not request a waiver or a waiver is not granted to you prior to departure, an interdiction will be placed in the Romanian Border Police system, which will result in a hold at Romanian Passport Control and you will be turned around if you attempt to enter the country before the interdiction expires. The Embassy cannot assist you in removing your name from the Border Police records.
We recommend that your U.S. passport have at least three months validity remaining upon your departure from Romania if you will be transiting a Schengen airport, to comply with Schengen requirements. This requirement may also apply if you are transiting a Schengen airport for several hours en route to a non-Schengen destination. If your passport does not meet the Schengen requirements, you may be refused boarding by the airline at your point of origin or while transferring planes in Europe. Visit the Department of State's passport website information on applying for a new or renewal passport.
Dual nationals (U.S.-Romanian citizens)
U.S.-Romanian citizens in Romania are subject to the requirements and responsibilities of Romanian law. Romanian immigration officials may require U.S. minors holding Romanian citizenship to provide written consent from both of their parents to exit Romania.
Per Law 21/1991, all children born to a Romanian citizen parent, in Romania or abroad, acquire Romanian citizenship at birth and are subject to Law 248/2005 concerning travel of minors. Art. 2 of Law 248/2005 states that minors with Romanian citizenship may leave the country only accompanied by both parents or with the consent of both parents, even if they also hold the nationality of another country and present a foreign passport upon departure from Romania. A standard statement of parental consent to travel, which must be provided by the absent parent, is available on the website of the Romanian Border Police (http://www.politiadefrontiera.ro). The statement is not required if the parent traveling with the child has full custody and can present evidence.
For more information about additional requirements for Romanian citizens, check with the Romanian Border Police (http://www.politiadefrontiera.ro) and the Romanian Inspectorate for Immigration (http://igi.mai.gov.ro/home/index/en).