Information for Visitors/Residents in Romania
Entry/Departure Requirements for U.S. Citizens and Special Provisions for Dual Nationals
Entry Requirements for U.S. citizens
You must have a valid passport to enter Romania. U.S. citizen visitors are granted 90 days of stay without a visa within a six-month period from their arrival. For stays longer than 90 days, you must obtain a temporary residence permit from the Romanian Immigration Office in the area of your residence (please see our “Residence Permit” section for additional information on extending your stay in Romania beyond 90 days).
We do not recommend “extending” the 90-day period by traveling to another country for a short period and then returning to Romania; people attempting this are often being denied re-entry to Romania as the Romanian Government is enforcing visa regulations more vigorously than in the past.
Departure of U.S. citizens
Americans who overstay will be subject to heavy fines and will require an exit permit from the Immigration Department in order to leave the country. You must visit the local office of the Immigration Department to apply for the exit permit 24 – 48 hours in advance of your trip. In exceptional circumstances, the overstay fines may be paid upon departure and the exit permit may be obtained at the airport or border crossing point. However, the decision of issuing the exit permit at the airport is at the discretion of the border police officers and the process may delay your boarding/departure.
In addition to the fines, which could amount to U.S. $600 per person, you might also be banned from returning to Romania for a period of time that depends on the length of the overstay, usually from six months to one year. If you wish to request a waiver of the ban, you must do so before departure by making an appointment with a senior official of the Immigration Department to provide evidence of an acceptable reason why you could not file for an extension of stay (medical emergency or hospitalization; the school or employer were unable to provide you with the necessary documents). Not having informed yourself about the stay permit requirements is not grounds for a waiver. If you do not request a waiver or a waiver is not granted to you prior to departure, an interdiction will be placed in the Romanian Border Police system, which will result in a hold at Romanian Passport Control and you will be turned around if you attempt to enter the country before the interdiction expires. The Embassy cannot assist you in removing your name from the Border Police records.
Dual nationals (U.S.-Romanian citizens)
U.S.-Romanian citizens in Romania are subject to the requirements and responsibilities of Romanian law. Romanian immigration officials may require U.S. minors holding Romanian citizenship to provide written consent from both of their parents to exit Romania. For more information about additional requirements for Romanian citizens, check with the Romanian Border Police (http://www.politiadefrontiera.ro) and the Romanian Inspectorate for Immigration (http://ori.mai.gov.ro).
Under the Romanian citizenship law, children of Romanian citizens acquire citizenship at birth through the parent. Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on the website of the Department of State, http://travel.state.gov.